AHIMSA started its work with poverty alleviation in rural areas. For these, AHIMSA beganby creating awareness among women folk in rural areas and organized women groups based on their ability and special talents available with them. Accordingly Skill Development Trainings are arranged for continuous employment opportunity starting from lower level to a higher level. Such trained women have been placed in Nursery raising units, Organic manure production centres, Farm maintenance works, Chain store marketing, Handicrafts making, Food products industry, Office management, etc. To relieve the farmers in distress and to alleviate their miseries, AHIMSA ventured into the field of Agriculture. A revolving fund was generated for this purpose. Farmers Clubs are formed consisting of 20 members each and were given awareness in commercialization of Agricultural crops, to cultivate at a low cost by changing the traditional farming method and using innovative, advanced modern technology, rotation of crops, intercropping, etc without affecting the fertility of the soil, thereby increasing the Nutritive value of the crops and increasing the yield. Unlike in the traditional farming methods, income generation is assured from the first month.
AHIMSA also helped bridge the gap between the farmers and consumers thereby enhancing the revenue for the farmers and ensuring the consumer to receive non-adulterated, high quality food items for reasonable rates without middlemen. To achieve this end there is an expert team consisting of Agricultural Scientists, Agricultural Engineers, and experts in Soil Science, Water Management, Pest Control, Food Processing, Forestry and Marketing. New Way to combat Rural Poverty.
Rural poverty is often a product of poor infrastructure that hinders development and mobility. Rural areas tend to lack sufficient roads that would increase access to agricultural inputs and markets. Poor infrastructure hinders communication, resulting in social isolation among the rural poor, many of whom have limited access to media and news outlets. Such isolation hinders integration with urban society and established markets, which could result in greater development and economic security. Moreover, poor or nonexistent irrigation systems threaten agricultural yields because of uncertainty in the supply of water for crop production. Many poor rural areas lack any irrigation to store or pump water, resulting in fewer crops, fewer days of employment and less productivity. The development of appropriate cropping raises a farm’s productivity. Successful alternative crop farming developments that aid the rural poor are achieved through bottom-up policies that involve technological innovations that require few external inputs and little monetary investment. The most effective innovations are based on the active participation of small farmers, who are involved in both defining the problems and implementing and evaluating.
Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries sectors play an important role in the Indian economy and in the socio-economic development of the nation. These sectors also play a vital role in supplementing family incomes and generating gainful employment in the rural sector, among the landless laborers, small and marginal farmers and women in particular, besides providing cost effective nutritional food to millions of people. AHIMSA imparting number of Skill Development Training programmes and Livelihood support among the Rural Men, Women and youth.
AHIMSA has much interest to develop the primitive tribes’ socio-economic condition by coordinating all concerned departments, organizations to identify the deprived primitive tribal communities and draw a special development project plan to promote them with self reliant. Its first phase is to promote Awareness generation and their income generation and the second phase to develop a model tribal village by the way of their sustainable income generation activities under the AHIMSA-Primitive Tribes Livelihood Promotion programmes. The proposal has been drawn to construct a full fledged habitation fully equipped with all basic infrastructures. For this dream project, AHIMSA constitutes a five members Development Committee, including two members from tribal communities and a state level coordinator from AHIMSA and with each one member from two related organizations. This committee has been giving consultation, guidance for development of Tribal sub plans, implementation and monitoring by inspecting the works in the sites. AHIMSA sought a relief to that tribal victims and supporting them through ICAR-Tribal Sub Plan (TSP), to distributed Desi Birds and Bucks among the Primitive Tribes in 13 tribal villages of Thurinjapuram and Keezhpennathur Blocks of Thiruvannamalai District, in association with the Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Science University, Chennai. Around 914 tribal families have got benefitted. Tribal sub-plan mechanism involving area specific development and special schemes for numerically small and economically and socially more marginalized vulnerable groups, has made minimum headway.
The era of globalization, the concept of ‘Contract Farming’ is an effective way to co-ordinate and promotes production and marketing in agriculture. “Contract Farming can be defined as an agreement between farmers and processing or marketing firms for the production and supply of agricultural products under forward agreements, frequently at predetermined prices.” The main feature of Contract Farming is that the buyer/contractor supplies all the material inputs and technical advice required for cultivation to the cultivator. This approach is widely used, not only for tree and cash crops but also, increasingly for fruits and vegetables. AHIMSA has identified the poor landless agricultural labourers in all over Tamil Nadu and for their livelihood support; AHIMSA has acquired 3500 acres of lands in Kariapatti and Aruppukkottai in Virudhunagar District and doing ‘Contract Farming’. The AHIMSA Youth Club-Madurai Division has taken over the works and does it better progress. Meanwhile, AHIMSA Youth Club-Chennai Metro has also been doing cultivation through ‘Contract Farming’ in 3,000 acres of lands acquired in Chengam. By these unique farming activities, more than 470 poor families benefitted including 172 Narikoravah people and 238, Adi-Dravida people and 61 other Backward Class people. At the same time, AHIMSA Youth Club, Vellore Division has taken over 220 acres of lands for Contract Farming and cultivate multi crops. Totally 80 Primitive Tribes have been benefitted from this. By these innovative approaches, we have achieved our goals such as poverty alleviation, Food Security and this farming method stands as a model project in our nation.
For the purpose of the benefits of the farmers engaged in Contract Farming, AHIMSA has made a mutual agreement with the Canara Bank, State Bank of India. The 96 beneficiaries got benefitted through that agreement for the cultivation of 1640 acres lands. But, the State Bank of India has not yet been giving financial assistance to the farmers. From the Bank of Baroda and the Primary Agricultural Cooperative Banks, 62 farmers got benefitted.