It’s a well known fact that India is one of the poorest countries in the world. Many
Indian people do not get two meals a day. They do not have good houses to live in.
Their children do not get proper schooling. Poverty refers to a situation when people
are deprived of basic necessities of life. It is often characterized by inadequacy of
food, shelter and clothes. In other words, poverty refers to a state of privation where
there is a lack of essential needs for subsistence. Poor people are the depressed and
deprived class. They do not get proper nutrition and diet. Their conditions have not
sufficiently improved even after over 70 years of Nation’s independence.
Just like most of the growing and developing countries, there has been
continuous increase in urban population in India. The poor people in the rural areas
migrate to cities and towns in search of employment financial activity. The income of
more than 8 crore urban people is estimated to fall below poverty line (BPL). Apart
from this, there are 4.5 crore urban people whose income level is on border line of
poverty level. The income of urban poor is highly unstable. A large number of them
are either farmers or casual workers. Recent scenario shows that most of the farmers
lost their lives by committing suicide because of the prevailing draught and abnormal
climatic changes resulting in poor harvest which ultimately lead to unbearable loan
In aiming towards the task of poverty alleviation, the technical team of
AHIMSA has carried out basic survey in the entire32 districts of Tamil Nadu, India.
As a first phase, 1.0 Lakh families have been identified for this. These families
comprising of nearly 5.0 Lakh members who fall below poverty line (BPL) without
any employment, shelter and sufficient food will be benefitted and they will get out of
this poverty within a period of four years time. This will be carried out in an Eco
friendly manner. In the process of poverty alleviation, along with the poor people the
environment will also flourish as all the development works will be concentrating
upon the welfare of Earth, the one and only planet with lives.
As far as the Project area is concerned, this is going to uplift 1.0 Lakh selected
families above the poverty line. An area of nearly 3000 Acres of dry land identified
for this proposed Projectin the villages namely Paravur, Thenkodipakkam, Nallavur,
Kovadi, Palangal etc. near by Tindivanam,Tindivanam Taluk,Villupuram District,
Tamil Nadu State. The implementation of the project will be done with the 50 %
financial assistance from the UNO. The balance amount will be met out with the
Private and Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) funding.
ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION BY UTILIZING THE UNWANTED
POLLUTING MATERIALS SUCH AS FLY ASH, GYPSUM ETC :
As the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) is an agency of United
Nations and coordinates its environmental activities, assisting developing countries in
implementing environmentally sound policies and practices, we wish to join ourselves
in achieving the goal towards the environment protection in India particularly in
Tamil Nadu. For this, AHIMSA’s technical team has carried out some basic survey in
Tamil Nadu and has come out with a solid proposal to use the factory wastes in a
useful manner for the cause of environment protection and at the same time this will
be helpful in benefitting the poor unemployed youth who lives under BPL.
The fly ash and gypsum coming out as wastes from the Thermal Power Stations and
fertilizer factories respectively are really harmful to the environment. These wastes
are now being looked at as the most important commodities which could generate
wealth and employment to the youth living nearby those factories. They can be easily
converted into low cost construction materials. By doing so, we can save the
environment from pollution and at the same time we can bring light into the lives of
poor unemployed youth who are struggling to get two meals a day.
First of all, we can go into the composition and advantages of fly ash in the field of
construction. The so called fly ash comprises of fine particles which rise with the flue
gases. It is one of the residues generated in combustion of coal. Due to recent mandate
of using pollution control equipments, these are now collected using electrostatic
precipitators and other particle filters. One of the major pollutants which originate
from combustion also has Arsenic, Beryllium, Cadmium, Chromium, Cobalt,
Mercury, Molybdenum, Selenium, Strontium, etc. The exact composition varies
according to the parent coal bed makeup. It is a heterogeneous material containing
SiO2, Al2O3 and Fe2O3 as major constituents with CaO occasionally being the minor
Based upon differences in quantities of major constituents, it is divided in two classes
: Class C and Class F. Class C is Produced by burning young lignite or sub-
bituminous coal. It is both pozzolanic and self- cementing in nature. Contains more
than 20% lime. Class F is produced by burning of anthracite and bituminous coal. It is
pozzolanic in nature and contains less than 20% lime. As admixture for Portland
Cement, this can be used for the construction of structures on/under water. This
significantly reduces the release of CO2 into the atmosphere. The initial compressive
strength is low but as days pass, fly ash concrete gains more strength and eventually
has a lot more strength as compared to normal Portland cement. Fly ash, being
primarily pozzolanic, can actually replace a percentage of the Portland cement, to
produce an even stronger, more durable and more environment friendly concrete.
Fly ash possesses both ceramic as well as pozzolanic properties and therefore can be
utilized in a unique way for manufacturing bricks. This proves to be very useful for
building construction. These bricks produced by the new process are superior in
quality as they offer higher cold crushing strength and smooth, uniform size. Fly ash
has also been shown to increase the stiffness of the asphalt matrix, improving rutting
resistance and increasing mix durability. The hydrophobic nature of fly ash gives
pavements better resistance to deterioration caused by water. This application is used
in conjunction with, or as a replacement for, other binders (such as Portland cement or
hydrated lime). Both Class F and Class C fly ash can typically be used as a mineral
filler to fill the voids.
Fly ash can also be used for construction of road and embankment. This utilization
has many advantages over conventional methods. This saves top soil which otherwise
is conventionally used. This avoids creation of low lying areas (by excavation of soil
to be used for construction of embankments) . This also avoids recurring expenditure
on excavation of soil from one place for construction and filling up of low lying areas
thus created. This is light in weight ( can be used in weak sub – grade ). This has the
quality of free draining ( Less interruption due to raining ). Reduces the demand of
land for disposal /deposition of fly ash that otherwise would not have been used for
construction of embankment. This does not deprive the nation of the agricultural
produce that would be grown on the top soil which otherwise would have been used
for embankment construction.
More recently, fly ash has been used as a component in Geopolymers, where the
reactivity of the fly ash glasses generates a binder comparable to a hydrated Portland
Cement in appearance and properties, but with possibly reduced CO2 emissions.Fly
ash, in view of its alkalinity and water absorption capacity, may be used in
combination with other alkaline materials to transform sewage sludge into organic
fertilizer or biofuel. Fly ash, mainly class C, may be used in the
stabilization/solidification process of hazardous wastes and contaminated soils. For
example, the Rhenipal process uses fly ash as an admixture to stabilize sewage sludge
and other toxic sludge. This has almost zero emission of greenhouse gases, reduced
shrinkage,Increased Resistance to Sulfate Attack, Reduced Bleeding ,Improved
Workability ,Increased Durability ,Higher Ultimate Strength .
As seen above, there are a large number of sectors where flyash can be put into use.
There are many reasons for the same. In terms of usability in Concrete and Cement,
this has better resistance to water damage and lesser consumption of mortar. The
number of bricks required per unit volume of construction is less as dimensional
accuracy is maintained. The cost is also less when compared to clay brick of same
quality. This reduces excavation of clay. In terms of usage as flyash bricks, this is also
used in sewage treatment and generation of biofuel as an alternate source of energy
resource , production of crude oil from polyethylene. The hydrophobic nature helps in
proper draining off of water from roads and structures and there by reduces the
amount of greenhouse gases being added to the atmosphere. This reduces pollution
measure by re-use of wastes. This also reduces soil erosion by replacing top soil as
ingredients for most construction mixes.
Since, the current usage of flyash in India is still around 25% ,there is a huge scope
for flyash in upcoming years. Using it as a construction material will not only help in
its disposal but will also add strength and durablity of structures. Flyash can be
proclaimed as one of the most advantageous waste material.
When talking about the utilization of Gypsum, a major waste coming out of the
fertilizer factories, is formed as a by-product ofsulfideoxidation, amongst others
bypyriteoxidation, when thesulfuric acid generated reacts withcalcium carbonate.
Its presence indicates oxidizing conditions. Under reducing conditions, the sulfates it
contains can be reduced back to sulfide bysulfate-reducing bacteria. Electric power
stations burning coal withflue gas desulfurization produce large quantities of gypsum
as a byproduct from the scrubbers.
Synthetic gypsum is recovered viaflue-gas desulfurization at some coal-fired power
plants. It can be used interchangeably with natural gypsum in some applications.
Gypsum also precipitates onto brackish watermembranes, a phenomenon known as
mineral saltscaling, such as duringbrackish waterdesalination of water with high
concentrations ofcalcium andsulfate. Scaling decreases membrane life and
productivity. This is one of the main obstacles in brackish water membrane
desalination processes, such asreverse osmosis ornanofiltration. Other forms of
scaling, such ascalcite scaling, depending on the water source, can also be important
considerations indistillation, as well as inheat exchangers, where either the
saltsolubility orconcentration can change rapidly.
Each year, more and more gypsum manufacturers are discovering the benefits of
gypsum recycling. Not only is gypsum fully recyclable, but it is also sustainable
throughout its entire life cycle. Gypsum recycling results in emission reductions,
processing waste decreases, and lowered transportation-related costs. Considering
today’s increasing environmental concerns and regulations, it goes without saying that
there is immense value in the opportunities provided through processing recycled
Gypsum board is the most prevalent source of gypsum recycling. Also known as
drywall, sheetrock, or plasterboard, gypsum board is used as ceiling or wall panels in
building. Even though the option to recycle gypsum board is widely available, most
boards are disposed of in landfills. This is problematic because the anaerobic
decomposition of gypsum can produce harmful gasses such as hydrogen sulfide.
Additionally, the gypsum found in drywall is capable of breaking down clay liners
that waste management companies use to prevent toxins from seeping into water
systems. Special measures are required at construction and demolition debris landfills
in order to prevent these threats to public health, safety, and the environment.
Gypsum recycling is an excellent solution to circumvent disposal issues. By recycling
gypsum, waste is reduced at its source, thus turning an environmental problem into a
business opportunity. In addition, using recycled gypsum versus mined gypsum
promotes sustainable manufacturing practices. As previously mentioned, gypsum
recycling provides manufacturers with emission reductions. Less energy is also spent
on processing when using recycled gypsum versus raw gypsum. In addition, because
less raw, mined gypsum is required, transportation energy emissions are also reduced.
Because gypsum board is such a large industry, most gypsum waste originates from
gypsum board-related products and manufacturing. Plaster and gypsum blocks also
contribute to gypsum waste, but to a much lesser degree. According to the
EPA,sources of gypsum board waste (and their associated total percentage) include:
Gypsum Building Construction Waste (64%): The greatest amount of gypsum
recycling comes from uninstalled gypsum board scraps from building construction
sites. This is considered a clean waste, free of contamination.
Gypsum Post-Consumer Waste: Demolition (14%) and Renovation (10%):
Gypsum post-consumer waste occurs when installed ceiling and wall boards are
removed during a building’s demolition or renovation. While not as prevalent as
processing recycled gypsum from new construction waste, there are a number of U.S.
recyclers who accept post-consumer gypsum board waste. The lack of recycling in
this category is often due to contamination issues. Nails, wall coverings, and so forth
must all be separated from the gypsum. Additionally, lead and asbestos contamination
concerns associated with older buildings are also a recycling issue.
Gypsum Manufacturing Waste (12%): Gypsum manufacturing waste is a
result of rejected material created during the manufacture of gypsum products. Most
gypsum manufacturing plants recycle this waste stream as part of their waste
Gypsum is an exceptional material in that it delivers closed loop recycling, meaning
its waste can be used continuously to make the same product. Gypsum board
recycling begins when construction site waste is brought to a recycling center for
processing. The recycling center separates the paper from the gypsum and breaks
down the gypsum into a fine powder. The gypsum powder is then ready to be used in
recycled gypsum products. Additionally, the screened paper is sorted and processed
based on its intended use. After processing recycled gypsum, there are a number of
different products for which recycled gypsum material is valued.
Agricultural Products: Recycled gypsum is an excellent fertilizer andsoil
amendment. Not only does gypsum loosen compacted soils, but it also increases water
infiltration and adds nutrients such as calcium and sulfur back into the soil, making it
essential when promoting sustainability in irrigated soils.
As there is a large scope for the utilization of this Fly ash and Gypsum, we
can make use of these wastes to build a healthy pollution free nation. According to
UNO’S programme to provide house for every citizen before 2010, But it has not
fulfilled. Our Prime Minister takes special attention and to achieve the goal by 2022
Central, State Governments, NGO’s and Foreign Organizations are now engaged in
implementation of the scheme. To support the project and to achieve the goal we have
proposed to give training for our Youth club members in low cost advanced building
construction technology with our Experts support like Indian Institute of Technology
Madras and Gandhigram Rural University to manufacture building materials at
cheaper cost with our improved Technology GFRG. This Technology is cheaper than
Normal Construction and also save Agriculture, Riversand, Water, Forest and
Environment. This Project is introduced at Mudikkarai village under Pradhan Manthri
Awaas Yojana Gramin – Smart Village Scheme.
AHIMSA is willing to go ahead with the preliminary works pertaining to
the implementation of this project for utilizing these waste materials for the welfare of
the poor unemployed youth and for the cause of environment.
AN APPEAL TO CORPORATES :
It’s a well known fact that the children have a right to basic facilities such as school
toilets, safe drinking water, clean surroundings and basic information on hygiene.
Water, sanitation and hygiene in schools create an enabling environment which
secures children’s dignity, safety, health and attendance in classes. Children are more
receptive and quick to adopt and sustain change. They become agents of change
among their peers, families and communities.
Many of the Government schools in Tamil Nadu don’t have the
sanitation facilities. The medias have also focused on this issue. Followed by the
directions of the Hon.Supreme court of India and High Court of Madras,necessary
actions have now been initiated by the concerned authorities.
School toilet facilities are reported to be a problem for many school
children as well as teachers, caretakers and school nurses .In a recent survey, when
children were asked to describe their school toilets, a clear picture emerged of poor
standards of cleanliness, supervision and access. Children frequently reported smelly,
dirty and unpleasant toilets in their schools, inadequate supplies of mug, bucket and
soap, no water and no towels. They also commented on the lack of privacy and the
problems associated with bullying. There are also additional problems of
overcrowding and potentially insanitary conditions.
As already told, unfortunately many number of Government schools in
Tamil Nadu don’t have the toilet facilities at all. In order to solve this issue, AHIMSA
along with Blessing Life Foundation Trust has come forward to carry out these
sanitation facilities underSwachh Bharat Mission Scheme aided by the Department of
Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation, Government of India.
AHIMSA had already imparted Building Construction Technology
Training to its unemployed youth. Preparatory works are in progress to start the
construction works in our project areas with the Government Assistance. AHIMSA
has proposed to initiate Sanitation projects implemented by using these2980trained
youth. These trained youth are able to get sustainable employment opportunities to
support their families by building a healthy Nation. AHIMSA is also planning to
associate with Indian Institute of Technology, Madras for the construction of eco-
friendly low cost buildings.
In achieving the targeted cent percent goal of sanitation facilities in the
Government schools of Tamil Nadu, Blessing Life Foundation Trust and AHIMSA
are getting ready to execute this work as a joint venture. As per the proposal, 35 Nos.
of Government schools will be benefitted in Krishnagiri District in Tamil Nadu in the
first phase. Totally 987 Nos. of toilets are going to be constructed in these schools.
The total amount required for this work is Rs.3,45,45,000/-. Out of which 70% of the
amount i.e Rs.2,41,81,500/- will be provided by the Government of India. The balance
30% i.e Rs.1,03,63,500/- will be met out with the Corporate Social Responsibility
fund. Hence we request you to contribute liberally for this service. By doing so, you
can avail 100 % tax exemption for the amount you are going to provide for this
purpose. You can also enjoy the benefit of getting advertisement for your esteemed
concerns. Your sponsorship will be acknowledged suitably at the main entrance of the
schools. For more details you are requested to contact our Head office at Chennai.