BANANA VALUE ADDITION PROJECT

VISIT TO VALLIYUR REGARDING THE FORMATION OF FARMER PRODUCER COMPANY, THALAPATHI SAMUDRAM ON 05.07.2018& 06.07.2018 FOLLOWED BY THE MOU SIGNING CEREMONY ON 28.07.2018
In continuation works already taken up during February 2018 for the formation of Farmer Producer Company at Thalapathisamuthiram, we had gone to Valliyur on 05.07.2018 and we had arranged for a final meeting with the leading banana farmers of that area. Thiru. R. Ananth, S/o Rajanayagam, had shown much interest in farming the Farmer Producer Company in that area by bringing together most of the banana cultivating farmers. One Thiru. A.Murugesan, S/o Arumugam accompanied us to the banana fields in and around Thalapathisamuthiram areas. During our field visit, we had been taken to various banana plantations of different age groups.
On enquiry, it has been found out that for pitting and planting a banana rhizome, the farmers are spending nearly Rs.20/- including the cost of rhizome. In some plantations, drip irrigation has also been effectively carried out. Nearly 800 to 1000 banana plants are planted in an extent of 1.0 Acre. The main variety they are planting in this area is Manjaltholuvan, Rasakathali and Nendram. Other varieties of banana are also planted here

During our field inspection, we have also visited matured banana plantations also. The banana farmers are facing much problems due to heavy wind and a wilt disease (Fusarium).Fusarium wilt is a common fungal disease that attacks many types of herbaceous plants, including banana trees. Also known as Panama disease, Fusarium wilt of banana is difficult to control and severe infections are often deadly. The disease has decimated crops and has threatened an estimated 80 percent of the world’s banana crop.

Banana Fusarium Wilt Symptoms Fusarium is a soil-borne fungus that enters the banana plant through the roots. As the disease progresses upward through the plant, it clogs the vessels and blocks the flow of water and nutrients.

The first visible banana fusarium wilt symptoms are stunted growth, leaf distortion and yellowing, and wilt along the edges of mature, lower leaves. The leaves gradually collapse and droop from the plant, eventually drying up completely.

It is said that nearly 1/3 rd number of banana plants out of the total number planted is affected by this wilt disease. The farmers are of the opinion that the application of Neem oil cake, Jatropha oil cake and green manure will bring down the force of this disease. At any cost this will definitely bring sorrow to the banana farmers. Even though the horticulturists and Research Institutes say that there is a remedy for this disease, nothing is found to be success in the fields. Likewise in the case of Rubber plantations also, the people are telling that there is a remedial measure for TPD (Tapping Panel Dryness) disease. The Malaysian Government had also announced for a higher reward for the remedial measure for TPD. It seems that so far nobody has received that reward.

As a similar case, managing Fusarium Wilt in Bananas Fusarium wilt control in bananas depends largely on cultural methods to prevent spread, as effective chemical and biological treatments aren’t yet available. However, fungicides may provide some help in the early stages. Managing fusarium wilt in bananas is difficult, as the pathogens can also be transmitted on shoes, tools, vehicles tires, and in run-off water. Clean up growing areas thoroughly at the end of the season and remove all debris; otherwise, the pathogen will overwinter in leaves and other plant matter.

The most important means of control is to replace diseased plants with non-resistant cultivars. However, the pathogens can live in the soil for decades, even after banana plants are long gone, so it’s critical to plant in a fresh, disease-free location.

This Farmer Producer Company going to be registered in the name of AHIMSA AJNAA Farmer Producer Company, Thalapathisamuthiram will be having the members from the areas such as Kalakadu, Mavadi, Thirukkurunkudi,Eruvadi, Thalapathisamuthiram, Nanguneri, Panagudi and Moontradaippu.

YIELD DETAILS:

  • o In the normal course, the yield varies from variety to variety
  • o In the case of Rasakathali, the approximate yield per banana plant will be around 25-30 Kgs.
  • o Manjaltholuvan: Around 40 Kgs. Per plant
  • o Nendram : Around 20 Kgs.per plant.
  • o If one Acre of Plantation has 1000 No. of plants in it,and thetotal yield is around 20 Kgs.
  • o Then the total yield per Acre will be around 20 Tonnes.
  • o If 1 Kg. costs around Rs.20 /-, the income per acre is 4.0Lakh.
  • o The total expenditure per acre is around Rs.2.0 Lakh
  • o The net profit per acre will be around Rs. 2.0 Lakh.
  • o In the case of heavy wind and disease attack, there will be a severe loss to the banana farmers.
  • o Apart from this the rate of banana in the market also plays an important role in the income of farmers.
  • o Sometimes the rate comes down to Rs. 3000/- per MT. This will be a great tragedy to the farmers.
In order to find out a permanent solution for the problems mentioned above and to facilitate “Doubling Farmers’ Income by 2022”, AHIMSA, ”, AHIMSA desired to sign an MoU with APInf of Finland (Company founded by an NRI), during the last week of July 2018.

PROGRAMME SCHEDULE

  1. Tamilthai Vazthu
  2. Welcome by Thiru. R. Kanakaraj, MD, AHIMSA
  3. Project Importance by Prof.M.Moni, Hony.Chairman, AHIMSA.
  4. Project Needs- Remarks by: Prof. Ashok, Former CGM, NABARD.
    • - Dr.Thiagarajan, Dean, SRM University, Chennai.
    • - Mr. Deepak Parikh, CEO, MyCrop.
    • - Dr.Sasi, CEO,Cape Group of Institutions, Nagercoil.
    • - Thiru. Kamaraj, Chairman, Vidyal, Theni
    • - Thiru. Subbiah,MD,Kanyakumari DCCB, Nagercoil.
    • - Thiru. Ravichandran, Chairman, Pandyan Grama Bank.
  5. Digital Platform for Farmers-Mr.Chandra Reddy Challagonda,CEO,APInf, Finland
  6. Doubling Farmers Income by 2022- How to achieve ?- Prof. M.Moni.
  7. Expectation from Farmers-Views from selected Farmer Representatives (5 Farmers)
  8. Signing of MoU: Mr. Kanakaraj and Mr. Chandra Reddy Challagonda.
  9. Banana Agricultural Value System- India and Global-Stakeholders Participation –By Prof. Moni
  10. Banana Agricultural Value System
    • - Research and Extension by Prof. Prakash Vincent, M.S. University
    • - Industry Perspectives by Mr. Kanakaraj, MD, AHIMSA.
    • - E-Literacy by Mr.S.Gopal.
  11. Vote of Thanks by Mr. M.L.Peter, FPO, Kanchipuram.
  12. ( Tea Refreshments )

AHIMSA,having about 7.60 lakhs members comprising of Farmers Club, Youth Club and SHGs in Tamil Nadu, has envisaged to network Banana growing Farmers of Kanyakumari District, Thirunelveli District, Thoothukudi District, Virudhunagar District and Theni District, through Farmer Producers Organizations (FPOs), for uplifting the farmers by way of “value addition adopting advanced technology”.

2. In Phase-I, AHIMSA desires to establish a Digital Platform for the Banana Growing Farmers through CSR funding, to establish ICT enabled "Banana - Agricultural Commodity Value System". By doing so, farmers are likely to get an attractive price for their commodities. Both ICAR National Research Centre on Banana at Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University (TNAU), and NABARD Regional Office (Chennai) have shown their interests to get associated with this venture.

3. In order to help the Banana farmers of this region for achieving the Hon’ble Prime Minister’s Vision of “Doubling Farmers’ Income by 2022”, AHIMSA has signed an MoU with APInf of Finland on 28th July 2018 at Kanyakumari, to establish “Digital Platform based on Open Source Cloud Computing”. This Digital Platform will be available for “spinoff” many Startups of professional Youths of the Districts.

4. During Phase-II, our interest to establish a "Technology Centre and Banana Agro Processing Park (Banana, Plantain, By-Product Value Addition and Ethanol and Methane Production from its wastes)". Expected Benefits have been calculated as follows:

  • 1. No of Farmers - 42,700 Nos. (from identified 3 districts)
  • 2. Extent of area - 1,40,000 Acres.
  • 3. Production capacity @40 MT/Acre - 56,00,000 MT.
  • 4. Revenue realised - INR 8,400 Cr.
  • 5. Requirement for cultivation - INR 6,300 Cr.
  • 6. Profit - INR 2,100 Cr.
  • 7. Profit per Farmer - INR 4,91,803.
  • 8. Profit per acre - INR 1,50,000.

As our ultimate aim is to obtain an average yield of 40 MT per Acre, we have to concentrate upon the land preparation, rhizomes selection, manuring, watering, pest control measures etc in a very careful manner. An overall expenditure of Rs.4.5 Lakhs can be incurred towards the planting operation till the time of harvesting.

POVERTY ALLEVIATION

AHIMSA is very much interested in Poverty Alleviation Programmes. For these, we create awareness among women folk and organize women groups based on their ability and special talents available with them. Accordingly we impart Skill Development Trainings and arrange for continuous employment opportunity starting from lower level to a higher level. They have been placed in Nursery raising units, Organic manure production centres, Farm maintenance works, Chain store marketing, Handicrafts making, Food products industry, Office management etc.

Year wise Position of AHIMSA Groups:

S.No Groups 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19
1 Farmers Club 10174 10536 11768 13605 14221
2 Womens’Club 12688 13196 14281 17182 17914
3 Youth Club 3827 3943 4324 5335 5931
4 FPO 2 5 6 9 11
5 Total Groups 26689 27675 30786 36122 37083
6 Total Members 518642 558517 607422 739981 747281

AHIMSA Farmers Clubs

Mass suicides of farmers kept increasing rapidly around the country due to the reasons stated below :

Farmers play a very important role in India. They take the responsibility to feed the entire populations which exceeds Billion in number. But, in turn the farmers do not get any justice. They are treated unfairly. Life to them has only been full of hardships and toils.

To relieve the farmers in distress and to alleviate their miseries, AHIMSA ventured into the field of Agriculture. A revolving fund was generated for this purpose.

Initially Farmers Clubs were formed consisting of 20 members each and were given awareness in the commercialization of Agricultural crops, to cultivate at a low cost by changing the traditional farming method and using innovative, advanced modern technology, rotation of crops, intercropping, etc without affecting the fertility of the soil, thereby increasing the Nutritive value of the crops and increasing the yield. Unlike in the traditional farming methods, income generation is assured from the first month onwards.

AHIMSA also helped bridge the gap between the farmers and consumers thereby enhancing the revenue for the farmers and ensuring the consumer to receive non-adulterated, high quality food items for reasonable rates without middlemen.To achieve this end there is an expert team consisting of Agricultural Scientists, Agricultural Engineers, and experts in Soil Science, Water Management, Pest Control, Food Processing, Forestry and Marketing.Our AHIMSA Farmers Clubs have been doing their cultivation of Agricultural produces, Horticultural produces, Herbal Plants, Jatropha Cultivation and Animal Husbandry. The details of group members benefitted through Ahimsa agri division are furnished here under:

S.No Year Farmers Jatropha Agri-Crop Horticulture Crop Herbal Flowers Milch animals
1 2015-16 1,16,813 79,292 1,98,650 1,32,028 24,816 1314 4210
2 2016-17 1,18,233 79,312 2,05,563 1,40,070 24,992 1402 4645
3 2017-18 2,18,535 79,354 2,44,767 2,12,045 25,307 1464 4765
4 2018-19 2,29,535 79,354 3,32,767 5,12,045 25,307 1524 5188

The farmers who have planted jatropha during the years 2003-2006 have now started harvesting jatropha seeds. We are purchasing the seeds @ Rs 20,000/-Ton based on the current market rate as on today. Last year productions was 4210 Ton. Due to seasonal climatic changes and severe drought production has decreased and we were able to procure only 41.552 Ton. Seeing the increased yield and high price farmers were motivated in taking up the more cultivation. But farmers are now losing interest now a days due to the drought and unfavorable climate conditions.

We were supplying the seeds to Central Government departments like Railways Defense and also to private oil companies and organizations with 10% service charges to the production rate to meet our administrative expenses . We are producing Bio–Diesel in our Dindigul industrial unit. As per our Project estimates, we should have earned Rs.24,10,050/- with the productions of 41552 Kg. of seeds. Anticipating for this achievement, We wanted to invest on getting huge loan amount. But, Due to heavy drought the production was reduced we were able to achieve only 41.552 Tons. Through this we have earned a profit of Rs 24,10,050/- only. The revenue earned through our Agri Division for the year 2017-18 is Rs.4,36,42,750/-

Crop Loan

For the purpose of the benefits of the farmers engaged in Contract Farming, AHIMSA has made a mutual agreement with the Canara Bank, State Bank of India. The 96 beneficiaries got benefitted through that agreement for the cultivation of 1640 acres lands. But, the State Bank of India has not yet been giving financial assistance to the farmers. From the Bank of Baroda and the Primary Agricultural Cooperative Banks, 62 farmers got benefitted.

Contract Farming

The era of globalization, the concept of ‘Contract Farming’ is an effective way to co-ordinate and promotes production and marketing in agriculture. “Contract Farming can be defined as an agreement between farmers and processing or marketing firms for the production and supply of agricultural products under forward agreements, frequently at predetermined prices.” The main feature of Contract Farming is that the buyer/contractor supplies all the material inputs and technical advice required for cultivation to the cultivator. This approach is widely used, not only for tree and cash crops but also, increasingly for fruits and vegetables. AHIMSA has identified the poor landless agriculturallabourers in all over Tamil Nadu and for their livelihood support; AHIMSA has acquired 3500 acres of lands in Kariapatti and Aruppukkottai in Virudhunagar District and doing ‘Contract Farming’. The AHIMSA Youth Club-Madurai Division has taken over the works and does it better progress. Meanwhile, AHIMSA Youth Club-Chennai Metro has also been doing cultivation through ‘Contract Farming’ in 3,000 acres of lands acquired in Chengam. By these unique farming activities, more than 470 poor families benefitted including 172 Narikoravah people and 238, Adi-Dravida people and 61 other Backward Class people. At the same time, AHIMSA Youth Club, Vellore Division has taken over 220 acres of lands for Contract Farming and cultivate multi crops. Totally 80 Primitive Tribes have been benefitted from this. By these innovative approaches, we have achieved our goals such as poverty alleviation, Food Security and this farming method stands as a model project in our nation.

AHIMSA Women’s Clubs

The Empowerment of women through Self Help Groups(SHGs) would lead to benefits not only to the individual woman and women groups but also to the families and community as a whole 3through collective action for development.

The concept of promoting more and more Women Self Help Groups has not found the purpose of eradicating the poverty – In AHIMSA Women’s Clubs, they are producing nursery plants and sell them to the AHIMSA Farmers Clubs(AFCs) and others. Meanwhile they are engaging themselves to the Bio-Fertilizer Production, Farm Maintenance, collecting agri produces etc., for their regular income generation. The WSHG handling so many traditional occupations as cottage industries (i.e. pichla preparation, doll making, appalam, vadam etc.) ultimately does not get any amount for their way subsistence. As the products finished by them does not reach the consumer directly because of too many middlemen operation in the process of marketing. Hence nothing remains for their survival after putting effort and hard work unable to repay even the small working capital raised as loan from Banks.

Now we have also planned to create Industrial motivation among the women by selecting suitable women candidates based on their educational qualification and ability for giving skill development training in Industrial activities. AHIMSA is ready to help those women to start Industries with 35% Industrial subsidy from the Government.

AHIMSA Youth Clubs

The present day youth of our society are more dynamic in their thoughts, more aspiring to come up in life, packed with vigour they should be molded by means of proper training and guidance, fitting to their qualification and caliber, to protect their interest and indirectly to the Nation’s strength. The need of the hour is to convert the youth to multi-skilled and employable force which boost employment opportunities and generation of self-employment. AHIMSA identified the youth, encourages, guide and train the unused manpower and creates entrepreneurs. The Youth are grouped in clubs where they assist the Farmers clubs; reduce the time consumed by traditional farming methods by utilization of advanced technology, assist in the marketing of Agricultural produce, increases revenue of farmers and youth by value addition of agricultural produce and so on.

By giving training to the selected members of youth club under building construction, they are involved in low cost building construction works under the Central Government scheme “Home for all by 2022”.This project was welcomed by Government Departments and public with good appreciation .

Smart Village Scheme had already been successfully launched in Mudikarai Village, KalayarkovilTaluk in Sivagangai District. A fresh proposal under this scheme has been sent for Hanumanthapuram village, Chengalpattu Taluk in Kanchipuram District.

Programmes

Supply Chain Marketing Outlets

Based on the notification of last year Annual Report, 50 Supply Chain Marketing Outlets were started in 50 various places for the welfare of Women’s Club and Youth Clubs. Due to initiating the new business ventures, reducing the gap between the producers and consumers. The consumers procured new and fresh essential commodities with nominal prices and they are supporting to our efforts and initiatives regularly. Through this new business initiatives, paving the bright way to the number of members from our women’s clubs and youth clubs getting a regular job as well as improving their livelihoods and AHIMSA has also mobilize income through this initiatives and it supports to carryout our community development initiatives. Our successful initiatives have also been exposed by the way of mass media like Radio, T.V, websites and News Papers. In this occasion, we are very much proud in announcing the extension of this project in another 50 places and it would be covered more than 500 unemployed youth.

Milestone

The portfolio management of AHIMSA with the objective of promoting social welfare activities such as poverty alleviation, literacy development employment generation and rural health programmes is by its income generated from industrious innovative programmes owned and operated by it.

New Way to Combating the Rural Poverty

Rural poverty is often a product of poor infrastructure that hinders development and mobility. Rural areas tend to lack sufficient roads that would increase access to agricultural inputs and markets. Poor infrastructure hinders communication, resulting in social isolation among the rural poor, many of whom have limited access to media and news outlets. Such isolation hinders integration with urban society and established markets, which could result in greater development and economic security. Moreover, poor or nonexistent irrigation systems threaten agricultural yields because of uncertainty in the supply of water for crop production. Many poor rural areas lack any irrigation to store or pump water, resulting in fewer crops, fewer days of employment and less productivity. The development of appropriate cropping raises a farm’s productivity. Successful alternative crop farming developments that aid the rural poor are achieved through bottom-up policies that involve technological innovations that require few external inputs and little monetary investment. The most effective innovations are based on the active participation of small farmers, who are involved in both defining the problems and implementing and evaluating solutions.

Introduction of Alternative Crop as Jatropha

In 2003, the Government of India had introduced a scheme for Alternative Crops with the following objectives: -Employment Generation -Wasteland Development – Fossil Fuel Import Reduction A credit-linked back ended subsidy Scheme was announced by the Ministry of Agriculture, Govt. of India through the NOVOD [National Oil Seeds and Vegetable Oil Development]

Jatropha is considered to be drought tolerant and possible to cultivate on degraded, sandy and saline soils with low nutrient content. Nitrogen and phosphorous inputs may be required for high yields 13,31,36 but nutrient re circulates through the leaf fall reduces the need for fertilizer input. It is estimated that three-year old Jatropha plants return about 21 kg Nitrogen per hectare back to the soil, although the quantity and nutrient content of the fallen leaves from the Jatropha plant vary with plant age and fertilizer application. Jatropha can be grown in broad spectrum of rainfall regimes, from 300 to 3000 mm, either in the fields as a commercial crop or as hedges along the field boundaries to protect other plants from grazing animals and to prevent erosion .

There is limited knowledge about the actual water requirement of Jatropha in different agro-ecological regions. However minimum and optimum rainfall to produce harvestable Jatropha fruits is assessed as 500- 600 and 1000-1500 mm/ yr in arid and semi-arid tropics, respectively3,12 In India, rapid urbanization coupled with industrialization and economic growth drives increasing energy demand and substantial import of crude petroleum oil. Since beginning of the 1990s India’s oil imports has increased more than five-fold and has considerable influence on the country’s foreign exchange expenditures. The Indian economy is expected to continue to grow with resulting further increase in energy demand and rising oil imports, projected to reach 166 and 622 million tons by 2019 and 2047, respectively, which can be compared to the 110.85 million tons of crude oil that was imported in 2006-07. Jatropha (Jatrophacurcas L.), commonly known as “purging nut” or “physic nut”, is a tropical, perennial deciduous, C3 plant belonging to the family Euphorbiaceae. It adapted to perform best under conditions of warm temperatures and, as with many members of the family Euphorbiaceae, contains compounds that are highly toxic

Jatropha has its native distributional range in Mexico, C. America and part of S. America, but has today a pan tropical distribution. Productivity of Jatropha depends on precipitation rates, soil moisture availability, soil characteristics including fertility, genetics, plant age and various management factors like pruning, fertilization, and disease control. Annual yield levels at 2-3 tons dry seeds has been proposed as achievable in semi-arid areas and on wastelands, while 5 tons /ha can be obtained with good management on good soils receiving 900-1200 mm average annual rainfall reported potential Jatropha yields as high as 7-8 tons dry seed/ ha/year-. The decorticated seeds yield about 28-40% oil which can be trans esterified and used for producing biodiesel.

AHIMSA in Bio Diesel Production

AHIMSA has been cultivating Jatropha through its Farmers Clubs in all over Tamil Nadu. The Farmers Club members cultivating that bio diesel plants in 60,000 acres and gives annual yields of 12,000 tons. AHIMSAs’ Endeavour has also been appreciated by the Department of Science and Technology, Government of India and aided to establish a Bio Diesel Extraction Industry and a Bio Diesel Laboratory at Dindigul. Number of experts from various states in India and foreign nations visited to AHIMSA Project areas and Bio Diesel Industry and appreciating the efforts and gives their moral supports too. The produced bio diesel has been supplied to the Ministry of Defence and the Railways department.

Animal Husbandry

Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries sectors play an important role in the Indian economy and in the socio-economic development of the nation. These sectors also play a vital role in supplementing family incomes and generating gainful employment in the rural sector, among the landless laborers, small and marginal farmers and women in particular, besides providing cost effective nutritional food to millions of people. AHIMSA imparting number of Skill Development Training programmes and Livelihood support among the Rural Men, Women and Youth.

AHIMSA – Environmental Development – Tree Plantation

The subject “Environment Protection” has produced heat waves of discussion in the Global arena and The United Nations climate talk in “Copenhagen” involving nearly 192 countries active participation endorses the view. Scientists opine that a rise of 2 degree C will rob many of their livelihoods and push them to the edge of hunger. Similarly a rise of 3 degree C will cause a rise in the sea level and mass extinction of species. From their findings a single tree would observe 20 Kilograms of carbon-dioxide and emit 14 Kilograms of oxygen and so on.

As one of our objectives is to contribute towards environment protection and reduction of Global Warming, through reduced CO2 emission

As one of our objectives is to contribute towards environment protection and reduction of Global Warming, through reduced CO2 emission we have launched our “Tree Plantation program” in the presence of our Former President His Excellency “Bharat Ratna” Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam on the 6th of June 2011 at Villupuram to coincide with the World Environment day. The laudable objective of the programme is to plant 6.5 crore saplings to start with to cover 6.5 crore population of Tamil Nadu. The seedlings selected for the Tree planting program are

  1. Jatropha
  2. Pungamia
  3. Neem

The seedlings namely Jatropha, Pungamia and Neem will be planted according to the soil condition of a particular location. The produces from these plants are processed for their bio-fuel as well as medicinal values. The required seedlings were produced with the help of our Women self-help groups in 42 districts throughout Tamil Nadu for the tree planting programme. The planting of 6.5 crore seedlings will be carried out by AHIMSA’s Volunteers, unemployed youth, labourers, NSS Students from various colleges, School students and also Multi National companies as part of their Corporate Social Responsibility.

AHIMSA Primitive Tribes Livelihood Promotion Programmes

AHIMSA has much interest to develop the primitive tribes’ socio-economic condition by coordinating all concerned departments, organizations to identify the deprived primitive tribal communities and draw a special development project plan to promote them with self reliant. Its first phase is to promote Awareness generation and their income generation and the second phase to develop a model tribal village by the way of their sustainable income generation activities under the AHIMSA-Primitive Tribes Livelihood Promotion programmes. The proposal has been drawn to construct a full fledged habitation fully equipped with all basic infrastructures. For this dream project, AHIMSA constitutes a five members Development Committee, including two members from tribal communities and a state level coordinator from AHIMSA and with each one member from two related organizations. This committee has been giving consultation, guidance for development of Tribal sub plans, implementation and monitoringby inspecting the works in the sites.

Scheduled Tribes in Tamil Nadu

More or less 6, 51,321 scheduled Tribes with 37 sub castes are available in Tamil Nadu. Six types of Primitive Tribal communities like Irula, Thoda, Kotta, Kaani, Paniyaa and Paliyar prevailing in all over Tamil Nadu. Looking on their lifestyle is pathetic. Not only in Tamil Nadu, but all over India one can see the same scenario. AHIMSA has aimed to promote their livelihoods and socio-economic level and it has planned to create a model Tribal development plan covered to its working area Thiruvannamalai District. The essential characteristics of these communities are primitive traits, geographical isolation, distinctive culture, and shyness of contact with the community at large and economic backwardness. These scheduled tribes are so backward that they have been defined as 'Primitive Tribes' with specific characteristics such as pre-agricultural level of technology, declining or stagnant population and very low level of literacy.

Based on the Primitive Tribal community’s previous occupations and their gained experiences, present lifestyle and AHIMSAs proposal also consider their future needs for implementing its proposed development works incorporated the advanced technological inputs and in consultation with the premier Tribal development organizations to its Tribal Development Project.

Distribution among the Tribes

Drought is a natural, recurring climatic feature which stems from lack of rainfall over an extended period of time (i.e. a season or several years resulting in severe shortage of water resources). In the year 2011-12, no seasonal rain falls and severe drought due to the failure of North West monsoon in Tamil Nadu. It severely affected the normal life of most rural population and their agricultural works. Its severity affected more tribal people than other community. AHIMSA sought a relief to that tribal victims and supporting them through ICAR-Tribal Sub Plan (TSP), to distributed Desi Birds and Bucks among the Primitive Tribes in 13 tribal villages of Thurinjapuram and Keezhpennathur Blocks of Thiruvannamalai District, in association with the Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Science University, Chennai. Around 914 tribal families have got benefitted. Tribal sub-plan mechanism involving area specific development and special schemes for numerically small and economically and socially more marginalized vulnerable groups, has made minimum headway.

Poverty Alleviation Programme for Drought Affected Tribal People

AHIMSA has jointly organized with MSME-Development Institute, Guindy number of Skill Development Training programmes for AHIMSA-Youth and Women’s Club Members.

AHIMSA in association with Kadhi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC), Ministry of MSME, Govt. of India to imparting number of Skill Development Training programmes among the AHIMSA Youth and Women Club members.

AHIMSA has organized ‘Food Value Addition Training programme’ for AHIMSA Women’s Club members (Aarani Rice Cluster) in association with Indian Institute of Crop Processing Training (IICPT), Thanjavur.

AHIMSA and the Tamil Nadu Animal Sciences and Veterinary University has also jointly conducted number of Skill Development Training programmes on Animal Husbandry, Poultry, Goat Rearing etc.

Industrial Promotion for Scheduled Tribes

AHIMSA in collaboration with Ministry of Small and Medium Enterprises, Government of India imparted campaign for Scheduled Tribes on Skill development and Industrial promotion. The Motto of the campaign was to motivate and encourage the Schedule Tribes to start an industrial production unit as new business and to develop their social status and their community.

AHIMSA – Development Programme for Urban Slum Poor

Urban poverty is a multidimensional phenomenon. The urban poor live with many deprivations. Their daily challenges may include:

  • o limited access to employment opportunities and income,
  • o inadequate and insecure housing and services,
  • o violent and unhealthy environments,
  • o little or no social protection mechanisms, and
  • o limited access to adequate health and education opportunities

But urban poverty is not just a collection of characteristics; it is also a dynamic condition of vulnerability or susceptibility to risks. In order to provide a richer understanding of urban poverty, this site presents these two analytical frameworks (i) a dynamic framework of poverty (vulnerability and asset ownership) and (ii) the multiple characteristics of poverty and its cumulative impacts.

AHIMSA has selected its development initiatives to the area of ‘Kannagi Nagar’. It is a backward area and it has a background of crimes. AHIMSA has studied Kannagi Nagar People's lifestyle based on their skills, education and needs. Based on the findings of that study, the following programmes have been planned:

  1. One Waste Recycling Industry
  2. Fashion Designing & Readymade Garments Unit.
  3. Low-cost Building Materials Production Unit.
  4. Low cost Wooden Furniture Manufacturing Unit.
  5. Low-Cost Iron products Production Unit.
  6. Low-Cost Housing Construction Unit.
  7. Low-cost Departmental Stores.
  8. Highway side Motels.
  9. Urban BPO Centre.

By implementing those programmes, more than 2,000 people have to be benefitted. For this purpose, AHIMSA has made MoU with the Rajiv Gandhi National Institute for Youth Development under the Ministry of Youth Affairs for providing Skill Training Programmes among the selected target people. At, present, AHIMSA has arranged employment opportunities for 60 women members from Kannagi Nagar to the ‘Amma Farm Fresh Vegetable Shops’ as sales women, it is a part of emergency relief of the Kannagi Nagar Project.

Agricultural Extension

Based on the Central Government’s Food Security policy, the barren lands of our working areas were identified and extend it for suitable crop cultivation depending upon its soil and water conditions, introducing integrated cultivation activities including value addition of the produces and export the products to the foreign nations. That kinds of activities are opening a gateway of generating employment opportunities and income generation among the unemployed youths.Aarani and Arakkonam areas are shown as our model project areas.

Aarani: Aarani is a familiar Rice Production Centre in the State, but, the farmers had been getting very low rate for rice. Therefore, AHIMSA organized Value Addition Skill Development Training programme for Rice Based Products with using of advanced technology imparted by the Indian Institute of Crop Processing Technology (IICPT), Thanjavur. AHIMSA has organized farmers Club and arranged 5,000 acres of lands for Organic Farming. AHIMSA Women’s Club and Youth Club have joined together to plan for the to establishment of a ‘Rice Cluster Industrial Estate’ and to produce Rice based Food Products on international standard and market them in domestic and foreign markets.

Arakkonam: AHIMSA Youth Clubs Vellore Region had made efforts to acquire 85 acres of lands for ‘Leasing out’ at Ramapuram village of ThiruvelangaduPanchayat Union in ThiruthaniTaluk of Thiruvallur District. The land has been prepared for ‘Organic Farming’ and cultivating Cash Crops, Horticultural crops and Herbal plants. This farm gives regular works to the deprived Primitive Tribal people who are the victims of severe drought and climatic change. AHIMSA revamping their income generation activities and promote their livelihoods. Now, AHIMSA has proposed to start ‘Animal Husbandry Unit’ for the additional employment generation for 25 poor Primitive Tribes, Adi-Dravidar and most backward families’ livelihood support. For that purpose, AHIMSA Youth Club approached and requested the District Collector to grant 10 acres of barren grazing lands of the Panchayat of Ramapuram..

In accordance with the local people demands like the bank loan facilities for cattle rearing, poultry, piggery, fishery and goat rearing, AHIMSA has made MoU with the Milk Companies such as Milma, Heritage and Arokiya for supplying milk and has also made agreement with the Multi National Company, ‘ Lotte’ for supplying milk. Lotte demands liquid glucose derived from Maize in a large scale and they are willing to establish a Liquid Glucose Production Unit in the centre place of the cultivation area. It requires 5,00,000 acres of land for Maize Cultivation under the contract farming. AHIMSA has conducted a field study for the feasibility of maize cultivation and farmers’ cooperation at Thiruvannamalai and Virudhunagar districts.

FARMERS PRODUCER ORGANISATIONS

To build a prosperous and sustainable agriculture sector by promoting and supporting member-owned producer Organisations, that enable farmers to enhance productivity through efficient, cost-effective and sustainable resource use and realize higher returns for their produce, through collective action supported by the government and fruitful collaboration with academia, research agencies, civil society and the private sector. The formation and development of FPOs will be actively encouraged and supported by the Central and State Governments and their agencies, using financial resources from various Centrally-sponsored and State-funded schemes in the agriculture sector agencies.

AHIMSA’s Housing Programme

After independence, housing was accorded a relatively low priority in the National Development programme in India, presumably with the objective of keeping it basically a private sector activity. As far as the provision of civic amenities is concerned, there have been considerable improvements in the access of people to such amenities over the years although shortages in housing and infrastructure do continue. Over the years there has been a gradual shift in the role of the Government from a ‘provider’ to a ‘facilitator’, ensuring access to developed land, basic services, building materials, technology, construction skills and finance so that housing can be undertaken as a people's programme. The facilitating approach aims at fostering strong public-private partnerships with the provision of appropriate incentives to the private sector, promotion of housing finance institutions, propagation of alternate building materials and technologies and extension of support to NGOs, CBOs, co-operatives and the private sector.

AHIMSA has already been imparted Building Construction Technology Training to 3000 Youth Club members. Preparatory works are progressed to start the construction works in our project areas, with the Government Assistance. AHIMSA has proposed to select one interior village and proceed to collect the housing survey and finding out the needy people and propose to initiate Housing and Sanitation project implemented by using of the trained 3000 youth. They are able to get sustainable employment opportunities and the village will be creating valuable assets. Through this project we shall achieve the UNO’s Declaration viz. ‘Home for All’ in our project areas.

AHIMSA and Daimler Mercedes Benz Joint Venture Initiative

As per our Project Plan, Jatropha cultivation has also been started in 1,000 acres of lands in the selected three villages (Kodiyalam, Koodalur and Theyarmadam) of ThellarPanchayat Union, VandhavasiTaluk, Thiruvannamalai District for alternative fuel production and proposed to create a ‘Model Jatropha Farm’ with the support of German Motor Company, Daimler Mercedes Benz.

CONSERVATION OF WATERBODIES :

Both surface and groundwater today in India is facing huge quantiity and quality threat..In India, Tamil Nadu stands first in the list of states affected by the problem of water crisis. Nowadays people show much interest in conserving the water bodies in and around their villages and towns. AHIMSA wants to make use of this opportunity to encourage the volunteers in the great task of harvesting rain water. This will definitely reduce the water problem both for drinking and agricultural usages. AHIMSA has planned to bring the involvement of Corporates into this affair. Urban areas are facing water logging due to torrential rain. It is time to engineer the ferocious events of rain. Channelizing and holding rain water must become the nation’s mission. Lakes, ponds, tanks which are built to hold water must be protected. These water bodies not only provide drinking water, support livelihoods and biodiversity but also control the rate of runoff and subsequently control the runoff.

AHIMSA has planned to implement tree planting project covered all ponds, tanks by the AHIMSA Farmers, Women and Youth Clubs. Data collection process has been going on. This project is being a unique model to protect the environment, global warming and promoting fish culture in the selected water bodies by the way of desilting the ponds, reservoirs, tanks and using the embankment to the cultivation of suitable plants by AHIMSA Farmers clubs. The proposals have sent to the Central and State Governments for financial supports.

TAKING CARE OF SENIOR CITIZENS:

In the day to day world, the senior citizens are facing much problems to spend their remaining life peacefully amidst the busy schedule of their sons or daughters. AHIMSA has a plan to help these senior citizens with the help of volunteers and skilled unemployed youth. For this AHIMSA has already started Geriatric training in our paramedical institutes all over Tamil Nadu. We have also planned to impart advanced training to these candidates in collaboration with Philippines Institute. These senior citizens can be brought under four categories.

  1. Senior citizens who are totally neglected and uncared by their grown up children and roaming on the streets for a loaf of bread. For the welfare of these people, AHIMSA has requested the Government to provide sufficient land to construct a home for their rehabitation.
  2. Senior citizens taken care of by the adult children with great difficulty as they have to go out of the houses to attend their daily works for their livelihood. Hence the senior citizens are kept under lock and key within the house itself for the safety and security of both. Here in this case, the senior citizens suffer from the loneliness and other age related diseases. AHIMSA has planned to start a day care centre to attend these type of people with nursing care, nutrition, religious activities and entertainment for their mind relaxation etc
  3. Senior citizens admitted in the Old age homes on their own expenses and they are taken care of.
  4. Senior citizens having sufficient wealth and caring minded grown up children. These people are in need of a protected shelter with all facilities to feel at home nature. The grown up children of many such senior citizens are employed in abroad countries. These NRIs are requesting AHIMSA to arrange for a Home with all facilities to take care of their old age parents. This home will be constructed at Chembarampakkam village at Poonamalle Block at Thiruvallur District. One can reach this home by 20 minutes drive from Chennai Air port.

AHIMSA AGRI NEWS

AHIMSA is publishing a monthly News paper covering the latest news and information related to Agriculture, Industries, Government Schemes etc. to the members of AHIMSA. This News paper has been been registered with the office of the Registrar of News paper for India vide Registration Number TNTAM/2008/26417 and bearing ISBN Registration Number 907243.

To Join Hands to Promote ahimsa.agri@gmail.com